Marijuana: Effects, Medical Uses and Legalization


Look up marijuana in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The magnitude of down regulation is associated with cumulative cannabis exposure, and is reversed after 1 month of abstinence. These tests cannot, however, distinguish authorized cannabis smoking for medical purposes from unauthorized recreational smoking. Because of the illegal status of cannabis, its consumers are likely to find themselves in situations allowing them to acquaint with individuals using or selling other illegal drugs. Marijuana is used as a psychoactive i.

How Does Marijuana Work?

Marijuana is now known to be an addictive drug, and heavy users report that marijuana has affected their performance at school or work, socialization, physical health, mental health, and intellectual abilities.

Marijuana is derived from the hemp plant, cannabis sativa. It is a mixture of leaves and flowers, which can be smoked, vaporized, infused to make tea, baked into edibles, or concentrated in a resin form.

Further complicating the issue is that fact that marijuana use is now approved in various US states for medical purposes, including the management of many painful conditions and illnesses, including cancer, AIDS, autoimmune disorders, and seizures.

Smoking marijuana can have both short-term and long-term physical and mental effects. Over time, continued marijuana use can lead to lung problems, such as coughing, increased production of phlegm, and an increased risk of lung infections and pulmonary ailments. Marijuana is considered by many to be a recreational drug—something they do with friends or to chill out after a stressful day.

Initial signs that a person may be abusing marijuana can include bloodshot eyes, lack of motivation, increased appetite, giddy laughter, and the odor of marijuana. Paraphernalia may be found too, such as rolling papers, roach clips, marijuana pipes bowls , water pipes bongs , or cigars. Signs of a marijuana use disorder can vary between individuals, and the severity of the addiction is dependent on the number of criteria listed below that they meet. The addiction is considered mild if 2 to 3 criteria are met; moderate if the user meets 4 to 5 of the criteria; and severe if 6 or more criteria are met.

The body actually begins to crave it and experiences physical withdrawal symptoms when it does not have its regular hit. Many people still suffer from their psychological addiction to a drug even after they have gotten clean from it physically. They think about using and how it makes them feel and the people and environments associated with it and long to return to that time.

Since many people believe marijuana is not addictive, they remain unaware of the potential withdrawal symptoms that may occur when a person stops taking the drug particularly heavy users of marijuana. Marijuana users may continue to use the drug to alleviate their withdrawal symptoms—even if they are not aware that is what they are doing—leading to the vicious cycle of addiction. Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal are more pronounced in heavy users, and can include:.

Studies have shown that marijuana withdrawal symptoms can appear less than 1 day after last use, reaching peak intensity between days 2 and 4, and can generally last for 7 to 10 days. Marijuana may be difficult to quit without professional help.

Marijuana users may be reluctant to seek treatment, especially if they do not view the drug as addictive or do not want to be labeled a drug addict. Plants can have colors or patterns that camouflage them from predators, or they can contain poisons or toxins that, when eaten, make animals sick or alter their mental capacity, putting them at risk in the wild. THC is the protective mechanism of the marijuana plant. It can create addiction or dependence, causing a person to want to take that drug even if it harms him or her.

As for the medical uses of marijuana, it contains another chemical called CBD short for cannabidiol. This is the substance most often associated with creating medical benefits. Marijuana is a drug like alcohol, cocaine, or ecstasy. And like these other drugs, it has side effects that can be harmful. When a person inhales the smoke from a joint or a pipe, he usually feels its effect within minutes. As the typical user inhales more smoke and holds it longer than he would with a cigarette, a joint creates a severe impact on the lungs.

The mental consequences of marijuana use are equally severe. Marijuana smokers have poorer memories and mental aptitude than do non-users. Recent studies on young adults that smoke marijuana, found abnormalities in the brain related to emotion, motivation and decision-making. Learn the Truth About Drugs, enroll in the free online courses. Find out what the marijuana pushers would hate for you to learn.

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